How To Identify Hyperpigmentation

The Best Skincare Products To Turn To For Help

Most of us are aware that in the wild, animals with spotted markings blend into their surroundings. It helps them.

But on human beings, dark patches on the cheekbones or forehead indicates an underlying issue known as skin pigmentation.

If you have been a victim of these stubborn marks, you would know that they are quite challenging to get rid of.

Hyperpigmentation is a common dermatological issue. It is usually quite challenging to tackle effectively.

Dr. Rashmi Shetty, a pioneer of effective treatments for hyperpigmentation in India, tells us that due to advances in science, we can now get affordable and effective treatments to reduce hyperpigmentation.

According to the American Journal of Clinical Dermatology, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation develops following severe inflammation.

Common causes of this condition include acne and eczema that are intrinsic skin conditions, or wrongly performed dermatologic procedures.

When it becomes difficult to get rid of these stubborn patches, it causes psychological distress.

Fortunately, there are a few therapeutic modalities available for the treatment of hyperpigmentation.

It includes topical creams, chemical peels, and energy-based devices. But be very careful and try it only under expert guidance.


What causes skin pigmentation?

According to Dr. Rashmi Shetty, skin pigmentation is usually caused by melanocytes’ overactivity (the color-making cells in your skin).

Several reasons cause hyperpigmentation.

  • Aging
  • Overexposure to the sun
  • Healing of a wound
  • Dryness of the skin causes certain parts to look at a different color from the others.
  • Dietary deficiencies
  • Hormonal changes

‘It is common knowledge that your body needs to produce melanin to protect you from the sun. But what happens if your body produces more that required melanin? You end up with hyperpigmentation,’ says Dr. Rashmi Shetty.

The melanocytes dump the melanin into the deeper layers of skin. Simple?

“We asked Dr. Rashmi Shetty to answer a few questions on getting rid of these annoying marks.”

Which products do you recommend using at home?

Try using a combination of alpha-hydroxy acids such as glycolic or lactic acid to exfoliate old and pigmented cells. Also, vitamin A is necessary to improve cell function. Tyrosinase-inhibiting ingredients such as vitamin C can reduce excess melanin production. This approach will strengthen the skin and help break up the appearance of hyperpigmentation on the skin. When followed consistently, it will brighten the skin revealing a more even complexion. Use sunscreen even if you are at home, as it will protect the skin and stop hyperpigmentation from getting worse.

Do home remedies work for reducing hyperpigmentation?

Home remedies do not make a long-term difference. Some of these remedies may prove effective by giving you some temporary brightening and mild exfoliation. To bring about the change within the skin, you need products that are scientifically made to address the issue. The solskin products have been safety tested and trialled, so we know how exactly they perform on the skin.

Melasma vs. hyperpigmentation. Do you know the difference?

Usually, any discoloration in the skin could be termed as hyperpigmentation. But it is always advisable to find out the root cause of the condition.

Melasma occurs when there is an increase in the production of Estrogen , and

the skin starts overproducing melanin. It leads to the development of large patches of darkened skin on the face, usually on the cheeks.

Dr. Rashmi Shetty explains, “The top three causes that I see in my clinic are melasma, post-acne marks, and sun damage.”

How do you identify Melasma?

  • Melasma could happen to both men and women.
  • Usually has a family history.
  • It could start with a severe sun exposure , maybe combined with hormonal changes such as pregnancy, abortion menopause or due to contraception pills.
  • Starts at the butterfly areas of your cheeks and can extend to your jawline and forehead.
  • It could be greyish or dark brown in colour.
  • It is very difficult to treat.

Never use harsh creams or skin lightening creams that lead to redness of skin. Dr Rashmi Shetty warns us against using harsh laser treatment, as melasma can come back with a vengeance.”

Which treatment is ideal for Melasma?

What treatment can you expect at Ra Aesthetics?

 Melasma usually occurs because of damaged skin from within. Hence, at Ra Aesthetics we first work on the skin health. We work on hydration and general well being of the skin. Then we work on the pigmentation judiciously. We combine oral applications, supplements, home care treatments and in clinic treatments.

Supplements that help in treating melasma are

 Primrose plus

Vitamin C

How do you identify pigmentation due to acne?

 If you have pinched your acne or at times, some acne even if not pinched leave behind black marks. This is called post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation because there is an inflammation caused in the skin due to the acne. Due to the breach in the skin, there is a black mark left behind.

At Ra Aesthetics we use lasers and combination of peels that has given fantastic results.

“You do not have to wait for your acne to clear to start treating the hyper pigmentation marks. There are certain treatments that benefit both the scars and acne.

Supplements that help



Vitamin C



How do you identify pigmentation due to sun exposure?

The prominent areas where the sun falls directly such as the forehead, cheeks, hands and legs usually get red and eventually there is a change in colour.

You should use a lot of sunscreen and do not use harsh scrub that will irritate your skin even further. Moisturize your skin once you come home.

Treatment at Ra Aesthetics

At Ra Aesthetics, we have a great combination of peels and energy devices that will aid in the faster removal of the dark marks on the skin.

Melanocytes protect us from sun damage and react to pollution, causing inflammation leading to uneven darkening of the skin.

Dr. Rashmi Shetty, the celebrity cosmetologist, says, “The dark patches are caused primarily by repeated, unprotected exposure to the sun and pollution. Dark patches could start from a young age,as a damage response in the lower layers of skin. You may not see them until they make their way to the surface. If they are left untreated at the right time, they become more and more pronounced over time. Fortunately,there are products that have been scientifically proven to bring about significant improvement.”

All of us must get sun smart. It means avoiding direct exposure to sunlight.

If you go for pigmentation treatments under professional guidance, it will help bring a more youthful appearance.

The scientifically proven treatments for pigmentations, performed under expert guidance, can exfoliate the skin to reduce the accumulation of excess melanin at the surface. It will also help increase antioxidant protection to prevent skin damage.

Mesotherapy is a type of treatment that can be used to achieve the following

  • Skin tightening
  • Skin glow
  • Skin hydration
  • Skin lightening
  • Reduction in pigmentation

Ra Aesthetics

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